From the robot maid Rosie in The Jetsons, to the famous droids of Star Wars R2-D2 and C-3PO, to Arnold Schwarzenegger in the function of a cyborg in The Terminator, to Robocop, I, Robot, The Matrix, Robots… Human beings have long been fascinated with the notion of robots, a term that can broadly be described as an artificial human being. While in the past humans only fantasized about them, today, many types of robots are a reality. For example, there are industrial robots, toy robots, robots that help in space exploration, robots used in the medical field, robots used in agriculture, to increasingly humanoid robots being created for the service sector, whether helping with the chores in the family or as caregivers for the elderly and the disabled.
Given below are a number of the types of robots that have been conceived by humans, many of whom are already in active use.
Robots today are being utilized in a variety of industrial applications. Any job that involves repetitiveness, accuracy, endurance, dependability, and speed can be achieved much better by robots; which is why many industrial jobs that used to be made by humans are increasingly carried out by robots. For example, for the past 30 years or so robots have increasingly taken over the fully automated production model of the automobile industry, wherein a chassis of a vehicle is transported along a conveyor belt and is welded, affixed, painted, and assembled by a sequence of robot stations. Some of the other industrial jobs robots are performing are palletizing and packaging goods, dispensing jobs, robots, and laboratory applications that pick miniscule electronic components from trays or strips and accurately place them on printed circuit boards in the electronics industry.
The Whole Robot Enchilada
Also known as Automated Guided Vehicles, or AGVs, mobile robots are used for transporting material over large building complexes, such as hospital grounds, warehouses, and container ports, using wires or markers located in the floor, or lasers, or vision, to sense the environment they operate in. An advanced form of the AGV is the SGV, or the Self Guided Vehicle, like PatrolBot Gofer, Tug, and Speci-Minder. This can be taught to autonomously navigate within a space, or do it by being given a plan of the area. These robots have the ability of performing tasks that are non-serial and non-repetitive in environment that are complex, hence are defined as intelligent robots.
Although the idea of robots planting seeds, plowing fields, and gathering the harvest may seem straight out of a futuristic science fiction book, nevertheless there are a number of robots in the experimental stages of being used for agricultural purposes, such as robots that can pick apples, prune grapevines, transplant seedlings, and so on. In fact, there already is a kind of robot that shears sheep in Australia.
Random Mind Blab About Robot
Conceptually, these robot design kits are first cousins to the robotics work carried out by major companies today for example by Honda, whose robots can perform some incredibly human actions. Modern robotics is entering an extraordinarily exciting field now, in which robot hands (for example) can be powered by direct brain impulsesfor a human user in another country. The same sort of behaviour, though clearly on a much smaller scale, can be promoted in amateur robots using the right robot kits and a little bit of ingenuity.
For instance, using a sensor glove similar to the type sold for use with some modern gaming stations, it is theoretically possible to create a robot that is fed by the user using motions of his or her hand. So you could, then, build a robot hand that mimicked your exact hand movements enabling you to pick up objects inside tanks or in other locations where you cannot go yourself.
These robots are employed in places that are hazardous to humans, or are inaccessible or far away. A human operator located at a distance from a telerobot controls its action. This was accomplished with the branch of the space shuttle. Some other examples of telerobots are laparoscopic surgery being carried out with the help of a telerobot, or doctors using remotely located robots to communicate with their patients. This enables them to treat patients anywhere in the world. This has the full potential of patients in remote places of the world, without adequate medical facilities, being able to consult doctors across the world, or even in the following town, and the doctors in turn having the ability to monitor them. Telerobots are likewise useful in nuclear power stations where they, instead of humans, can handle hazardous material or undertake operations potentially harmful for humans.
Telerobots are particularly useful for space exploration. Some of the applications in space that are on anvil are robots used for the operation of satellites, robotic arms for manufacturing in space, robots used for constructing space ships and space stations, and so on.
Robot Arms: They help in the performance of the repair and assembly tasks on International Space Station and Space Shuttle that couldn’t be met by a human. Canadarm is the most notable among them.
Telerobots are also being increasingly used for military purposes, for instance the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle used for surveillance and also fire at targets. Some of them have even advanced to the degree of having the ability to automatically make decisions like choosing the location to fly to, and deciding which enemy target to engage with. Many telerobots are being used by the US military in Afghanistan and Iraq to diffuse IEDs, or Improvised Explosive Devices. An Unmanned Ground Vehicle, or UGV, is on the anvil which can carry out military missions independently.
The Japanese are in the first line in these types of robots. Essentially, this category comprises any robot that is used outside an industrial facility, although they can be sub-divided into two main types of robots: one, robots used for professional jobs, and the second, robots used for personal use. Amongst the former type are the above mentioned robots used for military use, then there are robots that are used for underwater jobs, or robots used for cleaning hazardous waste, and the like.
Personal use robots are becoming ever more popular, with increased sophistication in Artificial Intelligence and with them becoming increasingly affordable, and are being seen in areas such as caregiving, pet robots, entertainment, and house cleaning. Although it is more costly and difficult to make highly intelligent and sensitive machines, but service robots designed with minimal intelligence are already fairly common, such as the vacuum cleaning robots.
The creation of the amazing walking humanoid named Asimo gave the impetus for several others, such as the house-helping robot named Wakamaru, and Aibo, the robot dog. Then there are the popular robocon competitions held in Japan, with robots playing soccer or having fighting matches.
Another area where personal use robots are being introduced is under the care for the elderly. In countries where there are growing numbers of the aged with comparatively fewer numbers of young people to provide them with care, due to low birth rate and increased longevity, such as is true in Japan and a growing number of Western countries, robots are increasingly thought to become the answer. These robots are being designed to provide physical services such as carrying bedridden elderly people (or even the handicapped), or washing for them, and doing various other day-to-day tasks. And then there are robots being designed to provide mental services, such as offering the therapeutic effect of interacting with the often lonely elderly people.
Humanoids are a big help to the corporation and for those people who can only afford it. They help people in any kinds of situation. In Japan, robots are very useful, but there’s a possibility that might loose the job of a hundred people. Most people don’t agree that robots are better than human. They still prefer people that created by God and not a robot created by human. They believe that if they would all relying on robots, it might end the human civilization.
Humanoids that aren’t perfect as human, serve also as entertainment purposes. Some people treat humanoids like a real human which most of the people thought that it was ridiculous. Male bought female humanoids and think of it as their partner, fellowship, or wife to make them satisfied. To have an ideal partner, they tend to buy humanoids even it’s worth a million dollars. It is like humanoids in anime where a son and a girl fall in love and humanoids turn into a genuine human. It is a need to those people who’re not satisfied.
Japan created humanoids first in anime to portray of what’ll happen to the future. They see it in anime as a big necessity in the human society. Most people in Japan invented this machine to make it as a reality from humanoids that are seen on animation. Those humanoids that are established by human aren’t perfect as what people expected in animation. They may have advantages and disadvantages. However, we’re in the modern technology this coming year, man that created robot will never be as perfect as what God has created to each all of us.
Hence, the trend is towards developing more and more sophisticated humanoid types of robots, with human-like physical features and intellectual abilities.